>> "Urban heat islands" arise, especially where there is dense development and little ventilation. But there are simple, natural antidotes that have been tried and tested for thousands of years: plants and water. <<
Quote from the "LiLa4Green" information brochure
LiLa4Green stands for "Living Lab for Green,” i.e., a living laboratory: innovative social science methods are combined with digital techniques (augmented reality app) in the development of Nature-Based Solutions (NBS) with the greatest possible social impact and acceptance. LiLa4Green aims to support the realization of green-blue infrastructure projects (urban green as well as urban water areas) in public street space in an existing area.
In order to realize projects that not only make sense from a climate-sensitive point of view and take into account social aspects (quality of life, health, safety, usability, etc.), a Living Lab was set up. The users of the Living Lab will be involved in the implementation process (co-creation) to increase the awareness of the positive effects of green-blue infrastructure measures as well as the acceptance and willingness to implement and invest. The concrete implementation area is Innerfavoriten in the 10th district of Vienna and as follower area the Matznerviertel in the 14th district of Vienna. The need for measures to counteract urban heat island (UHI) effects is high in these dense existing areas, but the financial power is low. While this situation is not unique, but on the contrary relatively common in cities, it poses particular challenges for the implementation of "Nature-Based Solutions" (NBS), including in Vienna.
In the Living Lab ("LiLa" for Green), different methods are tested with residents and stakeholders in order to familiarize the population, investors, developers and planners with the advantages of green-blue infrastructure, with a focus on public street space, and to involve them in the implementation process. It will be investigated how smart user participation can be designed to increase the awareness of the population for mitigation and adaptation measures to climate change.
By combining innovative social science methods, artistic actions and the latest digital techniques, a broad public is addressed and a target group-oriented communication of contents and contexts is made possible. For this purpose, new forms of visualization (augmented reality) will also be tested. In the monitoring phase, a combination of measurements, simulations and surveys will be applied. Conclusions for an optimal implementation and a continuity of the measures (also after the end of the project) will be derived from this.
The actions taken, the use of new forms of smart user participation and the visual presentation of the measures and their effects draw attention to the issue, stimulate discussions and trigger rethinking processes. These are important steps to achieve a broad acceptance of blue-green infrastructure measures in public road space. The implementation of NBS in the demo area shows that through intelligent networking of water, green spaces and elements, urban oases can also be created in existing buildings and lead to a higher quality of the immediate open space in existing buildings.
The Living Lab approach brings together research institutions, real estate developers, city administrations and the civil population to experimentally and cooperatively develop (co-creation) and test new products, services, technologies and social innovations. Thus, awareness of the positive effects of green-blue infrastructure measures as well as acceptance and willingness to implement and invest are increased.read more
In the Living Lab of LiLa4Green, stakeholders and interested parties were involved in the project via workshops, four green workshops, activating measures and art installations in public spaces, low-threshold webinar offers, an informative website and infomails.
In this form, a network with local knowledge on climate change and climate change adaptation in the research area was created, which shaped the research process to a great extent. Among other things, the participants chose the most suitable parklet for the Grätzl and supported the further development of the augmented reality app. In a final action, the redesign of the school forecourt will be initiated together with students and teachers.
The AR (Augmented Reality) app from LiLa4Green allows virtual trees to be "planted" in any location. For this purpose, digital 3D models of greening measures, such as trees or parklets, are created and virtually placed in a real environment via a cell phone camera. This can be used to impressively illustrate where trees could find a place in our immediate living environment and positively influence the living environment. With the help of the app "L4G AR Viewer" (downloadable for free in the Apple Store) and the Smart City Planning Tool, citizen participation processes can be supported in the form of Urban Living Labs.
The area "Quellenstraße Ost" in the 10th district serves as a research area for LiLa4Green. It is a so-called existing area, densely built with Gründerzeit buildings and apartment buildings and little green in the streets. The need for measures to counteract urban heat island (UHI) effects is high in this area, but the financial power is low. Thus, it is also a good example for other Viennese districts (e.g. along the Gürtel).
2018 to 2021
Mit Mitteln der Augmented Reality, einer Art „erweiterter Wirklichkeit“, werden geplante Lösungen für die Zukunft direkt am Ort der künftig möglichen Veränderungen sichtbar und erlebbar gemacht.
In 2020, the summer school will have a themativ focus on climate adaptation and mitigation in social housing. Global warming and climate change bring about dramatic challenges for social housing.